Requirements of Marriage in Islamic Shariah

According to Islamic Shariah, marriage is the only way to build a relationship between an adult male and a female. The love-love relationship before marriage is not Even the slightest valid in the eyes of Shariah. In the sense of Islam, marriage is not just a means of fulfilling biological needs - but a great achievement of worship (Ibadat). It is one of the most important parts of religious discipline and routines. Marital life is a very important chapter in human life, the beginning of which is marriage. Marriage is personal, family, and social worship.

In the Qur’an, Allah says ``Marry those of you who are single, as well as your virtuous male and female slaves. If they are in need, Allah will provide for them. Allah is generous and All-Knowing. (Verses 32 of Surah Noor)``

"There is nothing like marriage for two people who love each other," stated Allah's Messenger (saw). (Hadith No. 1847, Sunan Ibn Majah)

Pre-marital conditions for men and women

  • Adult males and females
  • Independent
  • Holy from adultery.
  • Muslim men. (Required)
  • Muslim women. Or independent Ahl-e-Kitab women (Jews or Christian women with the honest character)
  • Healthy brain complete
  • Parties must have the capacity to marry

The following are the requirements for a valid marriage:

  • Ijab= Proposal, A proposal should be made by or on behalf of one of the marriage parties.
  • Qubol= the acceptance of a proposal by or on behalf of the other party is known as acceptance. Both the proposal and the acceptance must be made at the same time.
  • Shahadat = a sufficient number of witnesses Two male witnesses, or one male and two female witnesses, must be sensible and mature. During the marriage proposal and acceptance, an Islamic person should be present and heard.
  • The bride's legal guardian= Wali (Muslim), or his representative, Wakeel
  • Mahr: (marriage gift) the groom must pay the bride either immediately (muajjal) or later (muakhkhar), or a combination of both. It can take the shape of money, real estate, or personal belongings. There is no specific amount, however, moderation is advised, and the present is decided upon by the bride and husband.

Says Allah in the Qur'an "And give the ladies their sums of money as a free gift, but if they are happy to offer you any of it, accept it with happiness and wholesome joy. (Sura An-Nisa; verses-4)".

Additional Requirements:

  • Written marriage contract: the bride and groom sign a, which is witnessed by two adult and sane witnesses.
  • Ma'zoon :(a responsible person who will officiate at the wedding) or Qadi (a state-appointed Muslim judge)
  • The marriage ceremony: can be performed by an Islamic scholar or any other trustworthy practicing Muslim.
  • Khutba-tun-Nikah: To bless the marriage,  is given, which includes making Du'aa.
  • Walima: The wedding feast is known as the groom customarily hosts a wedding banquet (Walima) after the wedding has taken place. However, this Walima should not be prohibitively pricey. It's important to remember that Islam stresses moderation. No one should begin their married life with a large debt, nor should their families be burdened by debt.

Sunnat is the one who makes Walima for the groom at a marriage. Currently, the feast presented at the daughter's home does not support Human Loving Islamic law. 


These unethical social norms had to be destroyed, and Islam accomplished so, bringing a significant alteration in the concept of marriage according to the Quran and Sunnah. The couple's wedding Moral character grows stronger. It is possible to construct a joyful society and a perfect family. Mentally, both the body and the intellect are in good shape. The word "peace" comes to mind. May Allah provide everyone to marry according to Islamic principles and thus develop a good community.